The City of Joy
Kolkata, the capital city of West Bengal state, is located within the lower Ganges Delta in the eastern part of Indian sub-continent at the bank of River Hooghly. Commonly known as the "City of Joy", Kolkata is undoubtedly a place of enjoyment for tourist. Kolkata offers a wide scope of choices for visitors, ranging from sightseeing, adventurous activities, food, and culture. Differed excellent architecture from the provincial period, which introduces a convincing difference to the innovation of this metropolitan city, is something that one must experience once in his/her lifetime. It is believed that Kolkata was named after the name of Hindu Goddess Kali which later progressed toward becoming Calcutta. However, in 2001, the city was renamed as Kolkata. Kolkata gloats of many fascinating tourist places that takes into account a wide range of interests. From authentic buildings, art exhibitions, ancient temples, colonial churches, gardens, stadium, shopping markets, and restaurants, there are many astonishing spots to see in Kolkata. Architecture seekers will be entranced with the structural beauty of Victoria Memorial, Raj Bhavan, and Writers’ Building etc. For sports fans, a visit to Salt Lake Stadium/Yuba Bharati Krirangan and Eden Garden is a must. For shopping, places like Bara Bazaar, College Street, Gariahat and new market are impeccable. The city is religiously significant too. Alongside Kalighat Kali Temple, there are numerous other noticeable ancient temples in the city that merit visiting. For example, Birla Mandir, ISKCON Temple, Belur Math, Dakshineshwar Temple, and so forth. Alongside all these, other well-known tourist places to visit in Kolkata are Rabindra Sarobar, Howrah Bridge, Fort William, Indian Museum, Marble Palace, South Park Street Cemetery, St. Paul's Cathedral, Tipu Sultan Mosque, Shaheed Minar, Alipore Zoological Gardens, Aquatica Water Park and Nicco Amusement Park. The best time to visit Kolkata is during the pleasant weather and festivity times, which starts from October to February.
The mixing of Western and Eastern culture impacting throughout the hundreds of years has animated the production of various and differing associations that add to Kolkata's cultural heritage. ‘Paras’ in Kolkata imply an area with a solid feeling of network and are typically strongly characterized based on loyalties. Ordinarily, every para has its very own local club, with a club room, and frequently a playing field.
More prominent Kolkata has in excess of 30 exhibition halls, which spread through a wide assortment of fields. The Indian Museum, established in 1814, is the oldest heritage in India; the antiquarianism and numismatic segments contain significant accumulations. The city saw the beginning of the mid-nineteenth century artistic development that started a social renaissance all through India. The best pioneer of this development was Rabindranath Tagore, award holder of the Nobel Prize for Literature of 1913, whose striking imagination in verse, music, show, and painting keeps on improving the social existence of the city.
An excess of 200 stops, squares, and open spaces are kept up by the Kolkata Municipal Corporation. In spite of that, almost no open space is available in the over conspicuous city of Kolkata. Since this city is grasped by various religious, locals are found to be celebrating numerous festivities. Among that, Durga Puja is one of the most well-known festivals. The vast majority of the travelers come here to commend this celebration with drumbeats. Kali Puja, Poila Baisakh, and Nabobarsho are also one of the fine celebrations in this city.
Top things do in Kolkata
How to reach
Being the capital city of West Bengal, Kolkata is very well-connected to all the means of transport. A tourist can easily opt for flight, train or bus to reach Kolkata, as it has its own Airport and Railway Station which connects it to all the major cities of India.
How to Reach by Flight
The Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Airport of Kolkata is both a Domestic and International Airports having access to all the national and international flights. It is situated within the center point of the city, hence various cabs and taxis are available at your service.
How to Reach by Train
If you are traveling from New Delhi to Kolkata, you can easily book a ticket in the Express trains such as Shatabdi and Rajdhani Express. Kolkata has two major Railway stations, and frequent bus services are available from these stations to your drop point.
How to Reach by Bus
There exists the facility of regular bus services in Kolkata, both private and government. The Calcutta State Transport Corporation and West Bengal Surface Transport Corporation have access to all the major bus stops across the city. Thus, you can tour the entire city of Kolkata using these bus services at a minimal price without any difficulty.
How to Reach by Road
Major cities across India are connected to Kolkata by the NH 2 and NH 3 highways. If you are thinking of traveling to Kolkata via your own car, you can do it while enjoying the breathtaking view throughout the journey.
How to travel within
You can tour the entire city of Kolkata via the local bus services available, or by booking a cab or taxi. Apart from that several auto rickshaws and tongas are available on demand.
With an accentuation on fish, vegetables and lentils presented with rice are a staple eating regimen for the people of Kolkata. Bengali cooking is known for its unobtrusive and red hot flavors, just as the spread of its candy stores and sweets. Bengali cooking can be subdivided into four unique kinds of dishes, charbya, or dish that is bitten and chewed, for example, rice or fish, meat; choṣya, or nourishment that is sucked, for example, ambal and tak; lehya, or sustenance that are intended to be licked, as chuttney; and peya, which incorporates drinks, principally milk, juice, etc. Bengali food has advanced with the impact of Mughal cooking, Anglo-Indian cooking, and Chinese cooking among others. Additionally, the utilization of various flavors has added to the flavor and taste of Bengali cuisine.
Some of the most prominent dishes of Kolkata are the Macher Jhol, which is served with fried rice or boiled rice. Mishti Doi marks as the most important dessert for the Bengali people which is a must-have. Apart from that, some other dishes are Kosha Mangsho, a spicy preparation of meat; Alur Torkari, Lucchi, Cholar dal, Shukto, Chomchom, Sandesh, Rasgullas, and much more.
You can find all these varieties of dishes in the following listed top restaurants of Kolkata:
- Dum Pukht
- Vintage Asia
- Pan Asian
- Eden Pavilion
- JW Kitchen
- Baan Thai
- Oasis Restaurant
- 6 Ballygunge Place
- Oh! Calcutta
Day 1: Reaching Kolkata Airport in a space of a few hours, you can directly hire a cab from the entrance of the airport and leave for your destined hotel and get checked- in. Freshen up and rest for a few hours after lunch, then head towards your first destination to visit the Birla Planetarium to watch the fascinating show they provide along with visiting the Museum situated there. Later from there, you can visit the fascinating Birla Mandir and end your night by shopping in the interesting backstreet of Dharamtala, while eating the tantalizing local Bengali cuisine.
Day 2: Finish Breakfast, and kick start your first morning of Kolkata by visiting the renowned ominous temple of Kalighat. Seeking blessing at the temple, head to the mesmerizing Belur Math, for rejuvenating your soul with the peaceful environment found there. Along with it, you can also pay your respect by visiting the Jorasanko Thakur Bari of Rabindranath Tagore to see his epic works. Have lunch in any of the numerous restaurants that the city offers and rest a bit in your room. Spend the evening by traveling to Howrah Bridge and watch the breathtaking sunset standing in this historical place.
Day 3: Start your third day of the trip by visiting the renowned Victoria memorial to explore this glorious monument with intricate works in its tapestries and architecture. Spending a few hours there head to the famous Botanical Gardens to see some rare species of old Indian Plants and shrubs. Finish Lunch, then head up to visit Eden Garden, where many sports history has been made. While finishing the day, visit Fort William to explore the styles of British India.
Day 4: Since it will be the last day of your Kolkata trip, spend the first half of your day by visiting the Nakhoda Mosque, St. Paul's Cathedral and the Shobhabajar Rajbari. Have lunch, and visit the Indian Museum along with Mother House, to get the glimpse of historical relevant peoples that has resided in Kolkata. Spend your last night in Kolkata while shopping in the famous streets of Bara Bazaar, getting artifacts and memorials for your family and friends back home. Stay overnight, and take a flight back the next day from Kolkata airport to go home.